Kolkata is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is also the commercial capital of East India, located on the east bank of the Hooghly River. The city of Kolkata has 4.5 million residents, and the metropolitan area, including suburbs, has a population of approximately 15.7 million, making it the third most populous metropolitan area in India and the 13th most populous urban area in the world. The city is also classified as the eighth largest urban agglomeration in the world.

The people of Kolkata tends to have a special appreciation for art and literature; its tradition of welcoming new talent has made it a "city of furious creative energy. For these reasons, Kolkata has often been dubbed as the Cultural Capital of India or the Literary Capital of India.

Places to Visit, in other parts of India:



VICTORIA MEMORIAL

Victoria Memorial is located on the plains at the banks of the River Hoogly and was completed in 1921. It is dedicated in the memory of Queen Victoria and is currently a museum. After the death of Queen Victoria in 1901, Lord Curzon commissioned the construction of this memorial and is built in a unique architectural blend of Mughal and British styles.

EDEN GARDENS

Eden Gardens is a cricket ground in Kolkata, India. It is the home of the Bengal cricket team and the Indian Premier League's Kolkata Knight Riders, as well as being a venue for Test, One Day International and Twenty20 International matches.

HOWRAH BRIDGE

The Howrah Bridge, a cantilever bridge with a suspended span over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India. Commissioned in 1943, the bridge was originally named the New Howrah Bridge, because it replaced a pontoon bridge at the same location linking the two cities of Howrah and Kolkata.

MARBLE PALACE

Marble Palace is a palatial nineteenth-century mansion in North Kolkata. It is one of the best-preserved and most elegant houses of nineteenth-century Calcutta. The mansion is famous for its marble walls and floors, from which its name derives.

FORT WILLIAM

Built in the late 17th century by the banks of River Hoogly, this magnificent fort overlooks one of the biggest urban parks of the city, Maidan. Named after King William III of England and Ireland and II of Scotland, Fort William was the British stronghold Kolkata before Independence and has also been the main center for Indian Army operations post independence.

INDIAN MUSEUM

The Indian Museum is the largest and oldest museum in India and has rare collections of antiques, armour and ornaments, fossils, skeletons, mummies, and Mughal paintings. It was founded by the Asiatic Society of Bengal in Kolkata(Calcutta), India, in 1814. The founder curator was Dr Nathaniel Wallich, a Danish botanist.

BIRLA PLANETARIUM

The Birla Planetariumis the largest planetarium in Asia and the second largest planetarium in the world.

PARK STREET

Park Street is also called Food Street and the Street that never sleeps by the locals due to the various restaurants and pubs located in the area. The place was one of the top night life spots during the 70’s and the 80’s. The street is one of the major attractions in Kolkata and is visited by a huge number of tourist and local crowds.

ROYAL KOLKATA GOLF CLUB

Founded in 1829, Royal is the oldest golf club outside the British Isles, the oldest being the Royal and Ancient, St. Andrews in Scotland, the home of golf. The Royal truly has a history that would be a treasure for the archives of the game of golf.

Some Facts about Kolkata:
AREA 1,886 SQ KM
LATITUDINAL PARALLEL: 22.567ON
LONGITUDINAL MERIDIAN: 88.367OE
ALTITUDE: 12 M ABOVE SEA LEVEL
MONSOON: JUNE TO SEPTEMBER
BEST TIME TO VISIT: OCTOBER TO MARCH
LANGUAGES: BENGALI, HINDI AND ENGLISH
Climate
Kolkata has a Tropical wet-and-dry climate. The annual mean temperature is 24.8 °C (80 °F); monthly mean temperatures range from 15°C to 30 °C (59 °F to 86 °F). Summers are hot and humid with temperatures in the low 30's and during dry spells the maximum temperatures often exceed 40 °C (104 °F) during May and June. Winter tends to last for only about two and a half months, with seasonal lows dipping to 9 °C –11 °C (48.2 °F – 51.8 °F) between December and January.